Works Consulted

A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
I
J
K
L
M
N
O
P
Q
R
S
T
U
V
W
X
Y
Z


    Tannahill, Reay. Food in History. New York: Stein and Day, 1973. Print.

    This book gave an overview of how and why people eat what they did through all periods of history as well as how food has influenced population growth and urban expansion.

    Tanner, Nancy Makepeace. On Becoming Human. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1981. Print.

    Taylor, Yuval, ed. I Was Born a Slave. Chicago: Lawrence Hill Books, 1999. Print.

    This anthology includes several narratives written by former slaves themselves. Two of the more famous narratives in this anthology come from Frederick Douglass and Nat Turner.

    T.E.C., Jr. "The Brutal Treatment Of Young Children Employed In The Mines And Collieries Of The United Kingdom A Little More Than A Century Ago." Pediatrics 41.4 (1968): 749. Academic Search Complete. Web. 17 Feb. 2015.

    Teles, Ana. "Portugal and Cultural Diplomacy." Cultural Diplomacy. N.p., n.d. Web. 2 Feb. 2014.

    This source discussed the diplomacy of Portugal from the Age of Discovery to the present day.

    Thomas, Dana Lee. The Story of American Statehood. New York: W. Funk, 1961. Print.

    Thompson, E. P. "Chapters 9&10." The Making of the English Working Class. New York: Pantheon, 1964. N. pag. Print.

    Tise, Larry E. Proslavery: A History of the Defense of Slavery in America. Athens, Georgia: The University of Georgia Press, 1987. Print.

    This book tries to defend slavery in America. Arguing the good in it and the reasons behind it.

    Tptweb. "Slavery By Another Name - Promo." Online video clip. YouTube. YouTube, 29 June 2011. Web. 10 Mar. 2014.

    Provides a decent amount of quality information on the broad topic of slavery. It's a promotional of a documentary.

    "To Bind Up the Nation's Wounds." National Museum of Health and Medicine (NMHM): Medicine During the Civil War. National Museum of Health and Medicine, n.d. Web. 03 Mar. 2014.

    "Treatment of Slaves in the U.S." Boundless. Boundless Teaching Platform, n.d. Web. 11 Mar. 2014.

    General elements of slave treatment are included in this article. Sexual abuse was actually fairly common among slave owners and his slaves. This article gives an idea of what slaves had to go through when they were disobedient or acted in a way that dissatisfied their masters.

    "Treaty of Alliance with France." Primary Documents of American History (Virtual Programs & Services, Library of Congress). Web. 10 Feb. 2014.

    The Treaty of Alliance was an alliance between France and America that formed during the revolutionary war, and ended 1800. During the war the French supported and aided the Americans.

    Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo. The Library of Congress, n.d. Web.

    Trollope, Frances Milton. The Life and Adventures of Michael Armstrong, the Factory Boy. Vol. 1&2. London: H. Colburn, 1840. Google Books. 26 Sept. 2014. Web. 09 Feb.

    Trueman, Chris. "The Crusades." HistoryLearningSite.co.uk. 2014. Web. 27 January 2015..

    Turner, Dennis. When Your Bank Fails. Princeton, New Jersey: Amwell Publishing Inc., 1983. 141. Print.

    Turner, Frederick Jackson, and Avery Craven. The United States, 1830-1850: The Nation and Its Sections. New York: Peter Smith, 1950. Print.

    Turner, Jack. Spice: The History of a Temptation. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2004. N. pag. Print.

    This book discussed in great detail the exploits of many Age of Discovery explorers. It also went over the attitude of the Europeans towards exploration, and discussed their imaginations and the role it played in shaping history.

    "24 | Communion -- Chuck Knows Church." Youtube. ChuckKnowsChurch, n.d. Web. 11 Apr. 2013.





In 1324, Musa I (c. 1280 "“ c. 1337), the Mansa of the Mali Empire, took a pilgrimage to Mecca. Such as pilgrimage — known as the Hajj — is one of the five pillars of Islam. His entourage is reported to have included 12,000 slaves each carrying gold bars and 80 camels carrying gold dust. The gold was distributed to the poor along the route. Gold was also given to cities that Musa visited and some of it was used to purchase souvenirs. He is also reported to have built mosques on his way to Mecca.

Photo Credit: Abraham Cresques of Mallorca from Atles català, 1375.