Chapter 1:
Major Civilizations
Chapter 2:
14th - 16th Century
Chapter 3:
Humanities
Chapter 4:
Reformation
Chapter 5:
Age of Discovery
Chapter 6:
Great Power System
Chapter 7:
Scientific Revolution
Chapter 8:
Enlightenment
Chapter 9:
Democratic Revolution
Chapter 10:
Industrial Revolution
Chapter 11:
Modern Ideologies
Chapter 12:
Age of Imperialism

Rise of the Great Power System

  • Spain

  • France

  • England

  • Netherlands

  • Portugal





George Gower's portrait of Queen Elizabeth I painted c. 1588 to commemorate the defeat of the Spanish Armada. The Spanish ships can be seen in the background. Queen Elizabeth's power is symbolized by her hand on the globe.