Works Consulted


Salamon, Milt. "Today Marks 1,000 Anniversary." Florida Today (9 Oct. 2000). News, 8. Gannett Newsstand. 9 Feb. 2015.

Sanford, Maggie Ryan. "AC/DC: The Tesla-Edison Feud." Mental Floss. Mental Floss, 10 July 2012. Web. 25 Mar. 2015.

Schmidt, James M., and Guy R. Hasegawa. Years of Change and Suffering: Modern Perspectives on Civil War Medicine. Roseville, MN: Edinborough, 2009. Print.

Schneider, Dorothy and Carl. Slavery in America. New York, NY: InfoBase Publishing, 2007. Print.

The book talks about the slave trade, slave work, slave life, and runaways.

Schott-Bresler, Kayla. "Second Baptist Church of Detroit (1836- )." 2015. Web. 08 Feb. 2015.

Semple, Ellen Churchill. "Climatic And Geographic Influences On Ancient Mediterranean Forests And The Lumber Trade." Annals Of The Association Of American Geographers 9.(1919): 13-40. Academic Search Complete. Web. 2 Feb. 2014.

"Discusses the climatic and geographic influences on ancient forests and the lumber trade in the Mediterranean Basin. Type of vegetation whose common physiognomy reflects the prevailing climatic conditions; Location of the Mediterranean vegetation; Fluctuations in the life conditions of the region"

"Septentrionalis Map Exhibit." Maine State Archives. Department of the Secretary of State, 2005. Web. 4 Mar. 2014.

This source provided additional information on Age of Discovery maps and cartography.

Schaller, Michael, Robert D. Schulzinger, John Bezis-Selfa, Janette T. Greenwood, Andrew Kirk, Sarah J. Purcell, and Aaron Sheehan-Dean. American Horizons: U.S. in a Global Context. Concise ed. Vol. 1 & 2. New York: Oxford UP, 2013. Print.

Shepkaru, Shmuel. "The Preaching Of The First Crusade And The Persecutions Of The Jews." Medieval Encounters 18.1 (2012): 93-135. Academic Search Complete. Web. 4 Feb. 2015.

Shmoop Editorial Team. "Columbian Exchange Video - Shmoop." Shmoop University, Inc., 11 Nov. 2008. Web. 09 Mar. 2014.

Shmoop Editorial Team. "Economy in The Jackson Era." Shmoop University, Inc., 11 Nov. 2008. Web. 1 Mar. 2014.

This article had large amount of information about Jackson's economic view towards the Bank of the United States and also in general, as in where and where not the national government can step in.

Siebert, Wilbur Henry. Light on the Undergound Railroad. New York: MacMillan, 1896. Google Books. Web. 09 Feb. 2015.

Siebert, Wilbur Henry. The Underground Railroad from Slavery to Freedom. New York: MacMillan, 1898. Google Books. Web. 09 Feb. 2015.

"Sioux Treaty of 1868." National Archives and Records Administration. National Archives and Records Administration, n.d. Web. 12 Mar. 2014.

This site is a brief look at the Treaty of Fort Laramie. It offered some detail but the books that I had on Wounded Knee had way better detail than this website.

"The Slave Experience: Religion." Slavery and the Making of America. 2004. New York. 24 Feb. 2014. Web.

This article talks about the hope churches gave and the ability for African Americans to be ministers and also about the segregation of the church even though God saw them as equal.

Slaver-Driver. How to Abolish Slavery in America and to Prevent a Cotton Famine in England. Bishop gate St. London: 1858. Print.

This book gives the thoughts of a slave driver himself and how to abolish slavery without causing a cotton famine.

"Slave Life and Slave Codes." U.S. History Online Textbook. Independence Hall Association, 2008. Web. 16 Feb. 2014.

Slaves were expected to be completely obedient. Disobedience could result in getting beaten. Treating another one's slaves poorly was considered a trespassing of property, not actual assault. This article gave good insight on actual slave life in the 19th century.

"Slave Society and Culture." Cliff Notes. Web.

This article talks about the labor and hours of a slave, their religion, and their relationships.

"Slave Resistances and Revolts." Digital History. Digital History, n.d. Web. 11 Mar. 2014.

Not only did this article highlight large slave revolts, but it also explained ways slaves could rebel each day. They could break tools, fake illness, or run away, among other things. It gives a good idea of some ways slaves might "fight" back.

"Slavery and the African American Experience." North Carolina Civil War Sesquicentennial. NCCivilWar, n.d. Web. 10 Mar. 2014.

Laws that were passed against slaves and blacks in general were detailed in this article, which is very helpful in my research. Pictures of slave reenactments made visualization easier.

"Slavery in the American South." CRF-USA. Constitutional Rights Foundation, n.d. Web. 10 Mar. 2014.

In this article, a detailed accounting is given of a free black man in the south being captured and the process of selling him. His reaction is quoted in the article. Living quarters and punishments to disobedient slaves were also explained to an extent.

"Slavery in the Civil War Era." Civil War Home. Shotgun's Home of the American Civil War, 24 Feb. 2002. Web. 11 Mar. 2014.

This article explains the slave system and its regulations. Slaves tried to undermine the south but were successfully for labor used anyway, despite their subversion. The article eventually talks about Lincoln and his efforts on abolition.

"Slavery in the United States." Civil War Trust, n.d. Web. 10 Mar. 2014.

A brief overview of the history of slavery is given, which serves as a good foundation of knowledge on the subject. Photographs taken of slaves in the 1800s are included in the article, which greatly increases the value of it.

Smith, Robert. "When The U.S. Paid Off The Entire National Debt (And Why It Didn't Last)." NPR. NPR, n.d. Web. 12 Feb. 2014.

This article talked about how Andrew Jackson balanced the national budget, his approach to it and how and why it only lasted one year. It talked about how much he used his veto power to obtain his goal with the budget. He used all of his executive power that he could this make this happen. It was the first and only time that our budget has ever been balanced. This is very impressive, yet also upsetting.

"Smithsonian Institution. Smithsonian Timelines of History. New York: DK, 2011. Print.

Snell, Melissa "Dark Legacy: How Centuries of War Began with One Man's Ambition." AboutEducation. 2015. Web. 27 Jan. 2015

Snow, Whitney Adrienne. "Cotton Mill City: The Huntsville Textile Industry, 1880-1989." Alabama Review 63.4 (2010): 243-281. Academic Search Complete. Web. 17 Feb. 2015.

Soniak, Matt. "Why Some Civil War Soldiers Glowed in the Dark." Mental Floss., 5th Apr. 2012. Web. 13 Mar. 2014.

"The Southern Argument for Slavery." U.S. History Online Textbook. Independence Hall Association, 2008. Web. 10 Mar. 2014.

This article expressed why some southerners defended slavery. They thought emancipation would result in widespread unemployment and chaos. It would have a lasting impact on the economy

"Sources of Inspiration in 'Toys that Teach'." New York Times, Late Edition (East Coast) ed.Jan 14 1993. ProQuest. Web. 20 Feb. 2015.

"Special Features." PBS. PBS, n.d. Web. 17 Feb. 2014.

This website had many articles on different topics of Jackson's history. This website was very informative on the vast amount of topics.

"Star-Spangled Banner and the War of 1812. Smithsonian Institution, n.d. Web. 26 Feb. 2015.

Stearns, Peter N. World History in Brief Major Patterns of Change and Continuity. 8th ed. N.p.: n.p., 2013. 409. Print.

I was able to find information about Darwin and Evolution, and this information was very helpful for my paper.

Steele, Algernon Odell. The Concept of Religion Reflected in the Early Negro Spirituals. Bloomington, IN: Liberty Drive, 2008. Print.

This book is about the nature and origin of Negro religion. It talks about the practices and what religion meant to slaves lives.

Stokesbury, James L. "A Short History of the Korean War." New York: Harper Perennial, 1990. Print.

In Stokesbury's book, he describes the major events of the Korean War.

Stott, Rebecca. Darwin's Ghosts The Secret History Of Evolution. New York: Spiegel and Grau Trade Paperbacks, 2012. Print.

I found a lot of books about Darwin and Evolution and this one went along with the others. I was just trying to compare from book to book.

Straubing, Harold Elk. In Hospital and Camp: The Civil War through the Eyes of Its Doctors and Nurses. Harrisburg, PA: Stackpole, 1993. Print.

Summer, William G. A History of American Currency. New York: Holt, 1884. 214. Print.

Sunstein, Cass R. "The Real Meaning of American Exceptionalism." Bloomberg, n.d. Web.

Sutherland, J.J. "L. Frank Baum Advocated Extermination Of Native Americans." NPR. NPR, 27 Oct. 2010. Web. 05 Mar. 2014.

This is a very short article and not really that useful at all. The thing that is of use in this article is the link to the PDF of Frank Baum's original editorials on the Natives and Wounded Knee.

Sutton, Anthony. The War on Gold. Sealbeach, CA: n.p., 1977. 26-28. Print.

After overthrowing their King in October 1862, the Greek people still favored a monarchy. In a plebiscite, 240,000 votes were cast in which Prince Alfred of England received 95% of the vote. However, the Great Powers prohibited any of their ruling families from accepting the crown. As a result, Prince William of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg of Denmark — who had received only 6 votes — was crowned George I. George I reined from 1863 to 1913.

Photo Credit: Southwell Brothers, 1863